People contract disease from mosquitoes during summer with the most common areas being along the River Murray, Murray Lakes and coastal mangrove areas.
The most common disease passed on by mosquitoes in South Australia is Ross River virus (epidemic polyarthritis). Generally mosquitoes bite around sunrise and sunset for two to three hours.
RRv typically presents as severe arthritis with a fever and may also include cold or flu like symptoms, swollen joints, rash, chills, sore muscles, headache, weariness, depression and a feeling of being generally unwell. RRv is not contagious. Many patients recover from symptoms within three to four weeks, however some may take as long as two years. There is no known cure for RRv. Consult your health professional for further information.
Insect Repellents containing DEET (diethyl toluamide) may be used to cover areas of exposed skin. Make sure you read the manufacturer's instructions before use. Wash DEET from the skin prior to going to bed and do not use on infants if the concentration exceeds 20%.
The Rural City of Murray Bridge is working in partnership with the University of South Australia Mosquito Research Laboratory to monitor high risk breeding areas, carry out identification of mosquito species and treat areas where high number of mosquito larvae are present. This program is in its fourteenth year and continues to be a valuable resource in the effort to reduce mosquito borne illness in the community.
You to can play an important role in controlling mosquito numbers by ensuring that the following actions are take
ensure that there is no water lying around your home or yard
place sand around the base of pot plants to prvent water pooling in dishes
dispose of any unnecessary rubbish such as tin cans, jars or tyres
ensure that fly screens are fitted to all openings of your house
make certain to screen all openings to tanks, wells and other large water containers with mesh no greater than 1mm
keep roof gutters in good condition and remove all leaves and debris so that pools do not form
keep trees trimmed away from guttering to prevent leaves and other debris falling into the gutters
make sure that any waste water from your property is not pooling
keep fish ponds and other ornamental ponds stocked with fish
ensure that your swimming pool is continually dosed with chlorine or salt and that it is covered when not in use
empty bird baths and pet's drinking water weekly
keep all open drains and channels free from obstructions, especially weeds, grass and any other debris
ensure that boats, canoes and dinghies are overturned, covered or have their drain plug removed to prevent from holding water after rain
drill holes in tyres used for swings and garden surrounds to prevent them holding water
stock dams on your property with native fish and ensue the banks are clear of plants.